Eating disorders affect many adolescents, especially women. Although rarer cases of food obsessions are reported among males and in menopausal women. The age of onset, unfortunately, is becoming increasingly precocious while the sensitivity to the problem, fortunately, is increasing. Anorexia, bulimia and obesity, thanks to the media bombardment, are words now entered into the common language even if there is still a bit of confusion. We will try to clarify their meaning by trying to give some advice to help those who suffer from it.
When self-esteem is excessively influenced by physical fitness and weight, the chances of falling into the trap of eating disorders greatly increase. Eating disorders are in fact linked to the dysfunctional evaluation that the person makes of himself. We talk about dysfunctional evaluation when the perceived value of the person is strongly connected to the ideal of thinness, weight and control of one’s body shape. In practice, the person feels to be worth or not worth as a human being in relation to the balance needle that greatly influences the relationship with food. The eating disorders are today a rampant factor that manifests discomfort and internal suffering of a generation made fragile by a society that tends increasingly to discriminate between bodies of series A, B and C. Eating disorders include 3 main forms: anorexia, bulimia and uncontrolled eating syndrome (binge eating disorder). All these eating disorders are united by the obsessive thought of food, by the morbid fear of becoming overweight combined with a deforming perception of one’s body and a low self-esteem.
An anorexic girl, no matter how thin she may be, can not live with a body that always seems excessively fat. The problem of weight becomes so important that it skips meals pushing it to abuse medicines like laxatives and diuretics while pursuing an ideal of unattainable thinness. Anorexia usually begins with a diet and hides a profound discomfort that the person attempts to silence through an obsessive control of calories and weight. Anorexia severely attacks the body in its vital functions to cause serious consequences such as renal failure, osteoporosis, cardiovascular changes, loss of teeth and hair. If this condition persists for a long time the internal clock comes out disrupted and the condition becomes really serious.
This eating disorder is characterized by an exaggerated intake of food (a bulimic girl gets to ingest thousands of calories in a few hours). These binges are followed by desperate attempts to get rid of ingested foods, usually by self-induced vomiting or through the massive use of laxatives or diuretics.
Uncontrolled eating disorders
Those who suffer from this eating disorder, just as in the case of bulimia, consume very large quantities of food. Unlike a bulimic person, those suffering from eating disorders (binge eating) do not expel as swallowed Read more