The Filipino territory is very fragmented given the very high number of islands (7,107 to be precise, of which almost 4,000 do not even have an official Name). Their main frame is the mountain range of Borneo that continues north-east, without sometimes reaching the level of the ocean and therefore not so much as a single island, but a myriad of big and small islands. The coastal development is consequently noticeable and exceeds 36,000 kilometers.
Luzon (104.688 Km²) and Mindanao (94.630 Km²) have a similar extension and make up 67% of the total area of the Nation. They are in the 6th and 7th place in the ranking of the major islands of Asia; the other main islands are Samar (13.080 Km²), Negros (12.705 Km²), Palawan (11.785 Km²), Panay (11.515 Km²), Mindoro (9.735 Km²), Leyte (7.214 Km²), Cebu (4.422 Km²) and Bohol (3.865 Km²), all located between the two major islands, except Palawan, which occupies the westernmost part of the country. Because of their volcanic origin, the Philippines is mostly mountainous, even if there is no shortage of flat areas, especially in inland river valleys. The main mountain ranges reach three thousand meters on the island of Mindanao, where the two highest peaks of the country are located, Mount Apo (2.954 m.), A retired volcano and Mount Dulang-Dulang (2.941 m) , which on that of Luzon (Monte Pulog 2,922 m.).
The archipelago is quite rich in water, but obviously due to its morphology there can not be many relevant rivers. The Cagayan (505 Km) is the longest and flows in the northern part of Luzon; follow Mindanao (373 Km), on the island of the same name, Magat (353 Km) main tributary of Cagayan and Agusan (350 Km), located in the eastern part of Mindanao. There are also several lake basins present, starting from Laguna de Bay (900 Km²), located southeast of the capital Manila; the Lanao (347 Km²) is instead the largest lake of Mindanao, in third place we have the Taal (234 Km²), lake on Luzon of volcanic origin; over the one hundred square kilometers of area also Mainit (140 Km²), in the northern end of Mindanao and Naujan (109 Km²), on the island of Mindoro.
The climate is tropical, hot and humid. Heavily influenced by the monsoons, with usually a dry season in the first months of the year and a rainy from May onwards, also between July and November the Philippines are hit by typhoons, particularly violent in the area central of the country; the average annual temperatures are around 26 ° -28 ° without significant variations from one month to the next. The tourism sector is growing, in the last few years more than 4 million visitors have travel in the Philippines, thanks to a very suggestive landscape and to the possibility of carrying out different activities and moving from the chaos of the capital to much quieter peripheral areas within a few Hours Read more