Why do bees make honey? Let’s be clear. Honey is used as food during the winter period. A colony of bees needs about 10 kilograms of honey to survive the winter. The bees eat nectar (fresh water produced by the flowers) and pollen (greenish-yellow powder produced by the male flowers as seed). The life of a colony of bees is a chain of interdependent processes.
The uterus incubate the offspring, the explorers fly around the territory in search of honey plants. The working individuals build combs and carry nectar and pollen. Even newborn insects are busy. They feed the larvae and make sure that the nests have optimal conditions for the emergence of new individuals. The family of bees is quite large and has several thousand individuals.
Therefore, it is necessary to take care of large stocks of food. Moreover, in winter, these insects, do not hibernate. Yes, they have nowhere to collect nectar and the weather conditions do not allow them to fly out of the evidence. Therefore, in the hot season, these insects produce a supply of honey and pollen. So that in winter they have something to eat. That’s why do bees make honey.
How do bees produce honey?
Bees have a mouth made up of a kind of little tube. Any food must be in liquid form. If it is not, they make it liquid, mixing it with their own secretion. Foraging bees are bees that collect food. They are the oldest bees, which carry out the most risky job at the end of their life. Fying from flower to flower, under the eyes of many predators.
From flower to flower, they suck, with their mouth, the nectar of the flowers. What is nectar? The nectar is a sugary substance, a sort of liquid syrup and sweet. The bees suck it in with their “trunk” and collect it in a cavity, where the nectar is added with enzymes. Substances that contribute to transformation of nectar into honey.
Back at their HOME, the foraging bees pass the nectar to the first bees they find at entrance of the hive. These bees continue the process of transforming the nectar and finally pass the liquid in special cells, but we still do not have honey! This is where the bees do their last job. With the temperature and with the ventilation, the bees make sure that part of the water evaporates.
The vitamins, which are so rich in honey, need bees for the proper functioning of their internal secrete glands. The more the nectar of the working honey plants leads to the hive, the more the wax is released from their wax glands. And the wax is necessary by insects for construction of honeycombs, where the food will be stored and the offspring is shown.
Nature is a great technologist. He thought through the details of the functioning of all living beings on earth. Bees are a clear proof of this. By collecting the sweet nectar from the flowers, the workers from head to toe is wrapped in pollen, the male germ cells of the plants. And when insects fly over a flowering field, pollen particles are dispersed over nearby plants.
In this way, bees pollinate grass and flowering shrubs. So it turns out that, by getting their own food, insects do a good job and help nature. In China, where they have long exterminated all wild bees, people are engaged in pollination of fruit trees, collecting and transferring pollen from one flower to another with a brush.