Why do my knees hurt | What is the reason of pain

why do my knees hurtWhy do my knees hurt? Let’s be clear. Knee pain doesn’t spare children, teenagers, adults, elderly people. It can come after a trauma, or it can come out without any accidents. It can start suddenly, or it can slowly creep in until it becomes too annoying to be ignored. And it is a serious problem, which you would like to solve as soon as possible because the knee joint. The largest of the whole organism, is constantly at work even in the simplest movements.  It holds our weight when we stand, it allows us to bend, get up, turn around.

The trouble is that it is a “delicate” articulation, complex and for this reason more at risk of breakage or alteration of functionality. The knee must guarantee a variety of movements, superior to the other joints, even though for anatomical reasons it has a lower stability. Since an almost flat surface, that of the tibia, must “connect” with the two terminal parts of the femur. Therefore the need of the menisci, which function a bit like “wedges” to absorb the load, of the anterior and posterior cruciate ligament.

Knee ligament

Why do my knees hurt for the laceration of some knee ligament? From the femur to the tibia or from the femur to the fibula. The knee ligaments are 4: anterior cruciate ligament, posterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament and external collateral ligament. Knee pain due to the laceration of some knee ligament is frequent in sports such as football, BASKETBALL or rugby, where there are rapid changes of direction during the race.

Why do my knees hurt: Bone fractures

Bone fractures are responsible for knee injuries. The fracture of the distal end of the femur, the fracture of the proximal end of the tibia and the fracture of the patella, can cause knee pain.

Lesion of the meniscus

Why do my knees hurt with the lesion of the meniscus? The lesion of one of the two menisci can be the consequence of major acute traumas to the knee and repeated micro traumas over time. Knee pain after the rupture of one of the menisci, affects often those who practice sports and work that subject the knee joint to significant and/or continuous stress.

Why do my knees hurt: Knee bursitis

Characterized by the inflammation of a synovial bag of the knee. The bursitis of the knee can be the consequence of acute traumas relevant to the knee or microtraumas repeated over time.

Patellar tendon

Why do my knees hurt with the laceration of the patellar tendon? It is a lesion of the tendon that connects the patella (lower part) to the tuberosity of the tibia.. Knee pain due to tearing of the patellar tendon is more frequent in sports that stress the knees (e.g. football, rugby, etc.).

Kneecap

Why do my knees hurt with the kneecap dislocation? Kneecap dislocation, is the expression that describes the abnormal sliding of the kneecap towards the inner or outer side of the knee.
A strong trauma to the kneecap itself or an excessive and sudden twisting of the knee may cause the kneecap to dislocate.

Overload syndromes

The repetition of a movement that improperly stresses a muscle, tendon, ligament or joint, causing irritation or inflammation. Among the overload syndromes related to “Why do my knees hurt”, are:

Iliotibial band syndrome. It is the condition that arises from the inflammation of the band of fibrous tissue. Located along the outer thigh from the HIP, to below the knee . Knee pain due to Iliotibial band syndrome is frequently by people who practice sports such as long-distance RUNNING and cycling. Patellar tendinitis. Also known as the jumper’s knee, it is the inflammation of the patella tendon.

The knee pain associated with patellar tendinitis affects especially those who practice sports in which jumps are frequented. Quadriceps Tendinitis. It is the inflammation of the tendon insertion that connects the quadriceps femoral muscle to the patella. Knee pain due to tendinitis of the femoral quadriceps most frequently affects people who practice sports, where the folds on the legs are frequent.

Some advice

Natural remedies for knee pain :

Functional rest combined with immobilization in some cases.
Ice application in the painful area 4-5 times a day, for 15-20 minutes.
Compression of the suffering area.
Elevation of the suffering limb.

Conclusion

The characteristics of knee pain vary according to the causes.
For example, knee pain due to a broken ligament (acute injury) is particularly intense at the beginning, but then decreases until it sometimes disappears (even if the damage to the knee persists). knee pain following arthrosis, on the other hand, is a chronic sensation, alternating phases of apparent remission with phases in which it is particularly debilitating.

The causes of knee pain also affect different parts of the knee itself.
For example, rupture of the medial meniscus causes pain in the inner knee. Rupture of the lateral meniscus causes pain in the outer knee; Baker’s cyst is responsible for pain behind the knee; etc.