Why does my neck hurt? Let’s be clear. Neck pain is a symptom with many possible causes, located in the cervical region. It can cause problems in one or more structures, such as muscles, spine, ligaments, intervertebral discs or joints, that guarantee movement and support of the neck and head.
In most cases, this symptom is due to vertebral pathologies of mechanical origin, by infections or inflammation. Among the most frequent causes are the hernia of an inter-vertebral disc and cervical arthrosis.
So, Why does my neck hurt? Rarely, neck pain is associated with traumatic injuries to the spine (e.g. whiplash), muscle contractures or spasms (torticollis), incorrect POSTURE taken during the day or when sleeping, or excessive and repeated overloads on the neck muscles.
Pain can also result from many other disorders, such as shingles, rheumatoid arthritis, meningitis and some vascular disorders. The presence of ANXIETY can also cause tension in the neck muscles.
Neck pain can be felt in the morning or it can appear during the day as a result of muscle exertion. Depending on the cause, neck pain may be accompanied by secondary symptoms such as headaches, stiffness of the neck and shoulders, muscle fatigue, numbness and tingling.
In the specific case of cervical arthrosis, the disease affect the cartilage that covers and protects the bone extremities between the vertebrae of the neck. Over time, cartilage degeneration involves the joint completely (including the joint surfaces and discs between the vertebrae).
Causing localized pain and a limitation of movement that progressively worsens. Cervical arthrosis is, in part, a consequence of ageing, but excessive efforts in the cervical tract also play an important role.
Other times traumas are involved, as can happen in some contact sports or in the so-called “whiplash”. Cervical arthrosis may also depend on deviations of the spine, such as scoliosis or other conditions ( rheumatoid arthritis ).
Why does my neck hurt with migraine? Is one of the forms of HEADACHE. It is, in particular, a form of “primitive headache”, which means that migraine not depend on other diseases, but is a real disorder. Migraine is more common in women and seems to be associated with a family predisposition.
Many predisposing factors have been identified as possible causes of migraine attacks. Stress, hormonal imbalances (e.g. menstruation and menopause), excessive stimuli (e.g. flashing lights, strong smells and noises).
Climatic changes, excessive physical activity, poor posture and poor SLEEP quality. Stimulus triggers also include sun exposure, poor nutrition, consumption of alcohol or coffee, smoking habits, and the use of certain medications (e.g. oral contraceptives, vasodilators etc.).
Is one of the causes of neck pain. Whiplash is a traumatic event that can cause injuries, usually not serious, with very painful effects. The dynamics of this event (typical of road accidents) impose an excessive tension or flexion of the cervical spine due to the projection of the head forward or backward.
Other types of accidents or sporting activity can be the cause of exposure to cervical spine stretching or, if the movement of the head is pushed sideways, also to vertebral traumas.
In the case of minor traumas, muscle lesions occur which are generally not accompanied by damage to the joints. In this case, the pain are the most evident symptoms with the stiffness of the neck. Neck pain is accompanied by muscle contracture, which increases discomfort and stiffness in the cervical area.
An imperfect inclination of the head on the neck, always involuntary and permanent with a sudden and painful onset. The torticollis is considered a painful block of the neck that typically occurs during a sudden rotation or a sudden flexion of the cervical spine.
Neck pain can last from a few days to a couple of weeks. Torticollis is therefore a deformity of the cervical tract that is characterized by the abnormal position by the head after a rotation of the neck.
The most common variant is the muscular torticollis, a spastic and extremely painful contraction of the neck muscles, typical in young people. There is also the traumatic form of the torticollis, which occurs after an accident or a fall.
The symptoms are various (e.g. visual impairment, neurological disorders, etc.). Last but not least, there is the congenital torticollis, caused by a retraction of the sternocleidomastoid muscle or by bone malformations of the cervical vertebrae.
Muscle injuries that affect the cervical spine, from contracture to stretching to muscle tearing, are particularly frequent traumas among sportsmen, but also among those who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
Abrupt movements or an overload of the cervical muscles can lead to their inflammation. Symptoms are pain, swelling, reduced mobility and, in the most serious cases, haematoma.