Why is chocolate bad for dogs? Is possible to give the dog homemade food? Let’s be clear. One must be careful, there are some foods forbidden to dogs, including chocolate, because they can be harmful to their health. If you have seen that your dog was eating chocolate, you should not be alarmed, the consequences depend on the quantity ingested.
However, it is very important not to offer your dog this food on a regular basis, it could be dangerous for his health. In this article we will answer the question: Why is chocolate bad for dogs? What happens if the dog eats chocolate? In the digestive tract of humans there are enzymes, belonging to the cytochrome P450 family.
Used to metabolize and synthesize certain foods, which are not present in the digestive tract of dogs. Dogs do not have the enzymes necessary to metabolize chocolate and are not able to digest theobromine and caffeine present in cocoa. This is like a poison for them, which in small doses has no effect, but in large quantities can cause problems and intoxications.
Why is chocolate bad for dogs
Giving your dog a large amount of chocolate can poison him and lead him to death, even if it rarely happens. Obviously the same amount of chocolate will not have the same effect on a Chihuahua, Pitbull or Labrador, however you may find that there is something wrong. Other elements that you have to avoid giving your dog are coffee and grass mate.
What happens if the dog eats chocolate?
Your dog is likely to look at you with sweet eyes when he eats chocolate because the smell is inviting and he understands that it is something good. But, don’t do it, never give your dog chocolate. Let him follow his diet and don’t share everything you eat with him. Don’t forget that there are products like carob that have a taste and texture like that of chocolate.
It also doesn’t hurt dogs and they can eat it without running the risk of getting intoxicated. You can find it in any herbalist’s shop. If your dog swallowed chocolate, it’s very important to know what kind it was. White chocolate, in fact, has a reduced content of theobromine and caffeine, unlike milk and dark chocolate.
These two components are the cause of the side effects of ingestion of chocolate in dogs. Due to the lack of the necessary enzymes, the dog takes on average 1 or 2 days to digest the chocolate. While this process is in progress, if you have swallowed a large amount of chocolate, you may notice several effects in your dog’s body:
In the most serious cases, respiratory failure or heart failure may occur, even if they are not frequent. It all depends on the amount ingested with the size of the dog.
Why chocolate is bad for dogs
According to the Veterinary Manual, if your dog has swallowed between 28 and 29 grams of chocolate per kilo of weight, you must go to the veterinary emergency service because the dose could be lethal. A dose of between 1.3 grams and 24 grams is enough to cause the symptoms listed above to appear.
Also in this case it is advisable to go to the vet. In both cases, the doctor will give your dog gastric lavage. If your dog is a puppy, go to the veterinary emergency service to avoid any intoxication. Puppies are much more delicate and prone to suffer any problems with greater intensity.
If a dog has swallowed enough chocolate to cause intoxication or very serious symptoms, you should go to the vet as soon as possible. Although there is no specific treatment for chocolate poisoning in your dog, the possible treatments are as follows:
A gastric lavender.
Induction to vomiting.
Use of barbiturates if your dog has seizures or arrhythmia.
Administration of a saline solution to promote urination.
Do not forget that in the most serious cases, those in which administration of chocolate has taken place for prolonged periods, cardiomyopathy can also occur, magnification of the size of the heart that causes heart failure, arrhythmia, cardiac arrest, heart attack and hypertension.
To suffer from cardiomyopathy, the dog should receive about 15 grams of dark chocolate per kilo of weight per day. To give you an idea, the Chihuahua would need only half a chocolate bar.
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