Why is my skin so dry? Let’s be clear. A skin is defined dry, when the content of water and sebum present in the superficial layer of the epidermis is lower than the physiological parameters. To the eye, dry skin appears dehydrated, dry and greasy. To the touch, however, it is rough, irregular and fragile.
Dry skin is not the same every time. The dryness can vary from a slight desquamation, to a xerosis with deep fissures. Unlike oily skin, dry skin is more prone to premature skin aging. People with dry skin often complain of expression lines and crow’s-feet, especially on the face.
Dry skin is caused by a series of factors, climatic, such as excessive exposure to ultraviolet light, cold, air conditioning, excessive heating and wind. But also genetic predisposition, old age, some drugs for long periods (diuretics, hormones), diseases (psoriasis, allergies, liver cirrhosis), STRESS, cosmetic treatments aggressive or inadequate for your skin.
Can the skin dry in any season of the year?
Yes, not only during the summer months. In the colder months, the low temperatures, the climatic changes between outside and inside of the rooms and the smog, compromise the superficial horny layer of the skin composed of ceramides and fatty acids.
In these cases, the barrier of the damaged skin on the one hand allows the harmful substances to penetrate. On the other hand, allows the water to evaporate from the deeper layers. The skin dries up, becomes dull, scaly and easy to irritate.
Why is my skin so dry and what are the symptoms?
Dehydrated skin can have different characteristics and symptoms, ranging from the feeling of pulling to a slight desquamation when it comes to a simple dehydration.
In case of serious dryness, however, the symptoms can be a thickening of the skin, as well as redness, injury and itching that lead to scratching.
Medications and dry skin
The answer in this case is Yes. The greatest dryness of the skin may be the side effect of some categories of drugs such as retinoids (vitamin A derivatives). Which are taken against ACNE, or hypertensive drugs, antidepressants and contraceptives.
Since these treatments cannot be interrupted, the only solution is to keep the hydrolipidic film of the skin in the best possible state and hydrate it as much as possible. Is recommended to apply creams that help cells to regenerate.
Dry skin and nutrition
It’s a good habit drinking at least two liters of water a day and choosing the right foods to moisturize the skin and avoid water retention. Each food has a percentage of water, but among the more that contain water are fruits and vegetables.
Watermelons, radishes and cucumber, have more than 95 percent of water, while melons, salads, peppers, plums and tomatoes contain 90 percent. Just below are carrots, artichokes, celery, apricots and pumpkin. It is recommended to eat raw vegetables because cooking causes a massive loss of liquids.
And also limiting salty foods as much as possible. The concentration of salt in the body draws water from the surface cells, which remain devoid of it, dehydrating and breaking the bonds that hold them together. This causes further dehydration.
How to prevent dry skin
Cleaning the skin with mild, non-aggressive soaps such as those containing surfactants, the substances used to make the foam. In fact, this gives the impression of trapping dirt and washing better. But it completely eliminate sebum and alter the hydrolipidic film (the thin film composed of grease and water).
If this protection is not achieved, a vicious circle is established. Micro-cracks are created between the corneal cells from which water flows out, evaporates and makes the skin dry and cracked.
In addition, in order not to have dry skin, washing properly, so do not stay in the water for more than twenty minutes. Do not bathe and shower with too hot water, but keep the temperature around thirty-seven degrees.
In fact, too hot water dries the skin, because it partly eliminates the hydrolipidic film. Moreover, when washing you should always dry well all parts of the body, paying attention to the folds of the skin and the areas between the fingers and toes. Afterwards, it is important to moisturise the skin well.
Moisturizing creams for dry skin
Orient yourself towards a good moisturizer that is able to recompose the surface horny cells. Consequently, stop excessive evaporation of water and thus to promote deep hydration. The cream should also strengthen the cells and stimulate the formation of tissue hyaluronic acid.
The best are the creams rich in phospholipids, glucosamine, coenzyme A and dermocosmetics with Fospidine, an active complex extracted from soy and Glucosamine. For the dryness of the face, it is advisable to use a mild cleansing milk.
In fact, all these substances contained in cleansing milk, are able to deeply moisturize the skin and keep it young and toned. In the evening, always cleaning the face well. Washing it with plenty of warm water and cleansing milk, to remove makeup and impurities that are deposited on the skin.
Finally, apply a moisturizer with a massage of five minutes starting from the sides of the nose to those of the face. Useful to keep the skin young and prevent WRINKLES. For very dry skin, it is recommended to apply a homemade mask once a week.
For example, you can mix the pulp of five ripe strawberries with a teaspoon of liquid cream and two drops of lemon. The mask must be left on the face for at least twenty minutes. Then remove it with lukewarm water.